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How to Replace The Carbon Brushes On A Washing Machine

Carbon brushes play an important role to the workings of your washing machine. Their function is to conduct electricity from the fixed parts of the motor through the moving parts of the motor. Over time carbon brushes can become worn down, due to them being in continued contact with moving parts.

Firstly, just to check you are on the right path, here are the warning signs that your carbon brushes are worn down or damaged:

  • The motor runs half-heartedly or intermittently
  • If there are sparks coming from the motor
  • If the motor does not run at all

If you need to replace the carbon brushes but are unsure where to start, there’s no need to panic. We’ll talk you through how to successfully replace the carbon brushes without damaging your washing machine.


This video shows an example on how to remove or replace the part on a typical machine, some models may be different but the procedure should be similar.

What You Will Need:

Step 1 - Unplug Your Appliance

Safety First! Please make sure that you have switched your appliance off at the mains before starting your repair.

Step 2 - Remove The Top And Outer Panels

We need to gain access to the need to remove the top and back panels from the machine. Once you have removed the rear panel you will be able to see the motor located underneath the drum. Depending on your make and model of washing machine, you might not need to remove the motor in order to be able to remove the carbon brushes - but in the video attached, we will show the removal of the motor.

Step 3 - Release The Motor

Ok, here we are then - time to access the old motor! Remove the drive belt, followed by removing the wires found at the back of the motor. Using a socket spanner, you need to loosen the nuts and once done you can pull the motor away - you might need to give it a little force. (Though please take care of sharp edges when removing the motor to avoid injury)

Step 4 - Remove The Old Carbon Brushes

Ah, but how do I remove the carbon brushes then? We hear you ask…
The carbon brushes go into the commutator at an angle, so the carbon brushes themselves have an angled end. When fitting your new carbon brushes, must make sure that you put them in the right way round - if you don’t then it will just be the sharp end of the brush rubbing against the commutator.
An easy way to make sure that you are putting them in the right way round is by taking a note of which way the old brushes are positioned. To do this simply place the motor on its side, and start by removing the clip that is attached to the top of the carbon brush. Next is to feed the clip out - and there you go, you can now pull out the carbon brush!

Step 5 - Secure Your New Carbon Brushes

Right here goes then - time to fit your new carbon brushes! Make sure the brush is the right way round, and proceed to feed the spring down (though do make sure it’s not getting caught on the side). It might take you a while, but stick with it - you will get there. Next, you need to feed the top of it underneath there and put the lip in. Finally, get a screwdriver and rest it in there. Now all you need to do is put the clip on, and there you have it - all done!

*It is recommended that when replacing one of the carbon brushes, that you actually replace the other one too.

Step 6 - Put Your Appliance Back Together Again

You will be pleased to know that all the hard work has been done! All there is left to do is to put the motor back in your machine, and then put everything back together again.

Congratulations - you have now successfully been able to replace your washing machine drain pump! You can now get back to being able to wash your clothes again in no time.

Fancy Giving Your Washing Machine Some Loving Care & Attention?

Your washing machine no doubt works hard for you in getting your clothes nice and clean. If you want to show it some TLC, then it is a great idea to protect it from the build-up of limescale & detergent that can happen over time in your machine. Introducing the eSpares Limescale & Detergent Remover - where by using this you can help protect from this, as well as removing bad odours and bacteria build-up.

*Not suitable for top loading appliances

Need To Locate The Correct Carbon Brushes For Your Washing Machine?

Fixing your washing machine carbon brushes yourself can save you a lot of money compared to booking a repair or buying a new washing machine. Here at eSpares, we have a wide-range of replacement washing machine carbon brushes for you to select from - so you can soon be on your way to repairing it yourself.

If you need any other help for your appliances you can find more videos from Mat and the team at eSpares, who are always on hand with appliance repair advice in your time of need.

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